The Galgo is a native canine race of Spain, reason why also it is known him like Spanish Galgo. According to the Real Academy of the Spanish Language, the word derives from the Gallicus Latin canis, dog of the Galia. According to the classification of the ICF, galgo is including within group X, section 3ª, that corresponds to the greyhounds of short hair. In spite of this classification also exists the variety of hard hair.
When one is the origin of the dog races whose antiquity is demonstrated, usually it is spoken of the similarity between these races and the canine representations of the Egyptian Art; galgo is not an exception in that sense. The certain thing is that the first written references of the Iberian Galgo are in the treaty of century II a. C. Cynegeticus de Arriano de Nicodemia, that was consul of the Bética.
The author, from his personal experience in Hispania, describes the hunting of the hare with galgos of identical way to since she is made at present in Spain, practically adding that was an own custom of the Hispanics without distinction of social class. In addition difference between galgos to smooth hair and hard hair, variant this last very infrequent one at present in Spain although very appreciated in other European countries.
The paintings murals of the hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, in Soria, that date from century XII, show a scene of the hunting of the hare for nutrition, where they appear three galgos with characteristics very similar to the present units.
There are references to the galgos in texts of montería, expressions and proverbs, being perhaps the most famous appointment the contained one in the first phrase of the Quijote: In a La Mancha place, of whose name I do not want to decide to me, there is not long time that lived a noble on those of lance in shipyard, running old shield, rocín skinny and galgo.
At the beginning of century XX, there was a massive mestization of Galgo and Greyhound or English Lebrel. In this way it was tried to obtain faster animal with those than to compete in the greyhound tracks, very fashionable at that time. This circumstance put in danger the purity of the race, nevertheless after the official recognition of the same, this one could recover thanks to the high number of pure units that were into the hands of galgueros and hunters.