PERRO DE PRESA CANARIO
The Canary Prey is a race of dog of great size, original of the Canary Islands.To the few years of concluded the conquest of the Canary Archipelago, reference in the Cedularios becomes of the Town hall of Tenerife to its agreement of 5 of February of 1526, in which and in view of the damages caused by the dogs in cattles majors and minors, the extermination of the same is become ordained, with the exception of the pair that is admitted to the butchers for its service, and such action to gift Pedro de Lugo is entrusted, that owns two dogs of prey trained to kill.
Through century XVI and XVll, the references and appointments are numerosísimas that in relation to the dog of prey of the Canary Islands, become in the rich historical documentation that follows Conquista, especially in named the Cedularios of the Town halls, and although at no moment, becomes description of the biotype of these dogs, if the function is explained that they develop. The missions of the prey dog are essentially of guard and struggle with the cattle; Its service to the butchers is mentioned frequently, to subjugate the cattle or tied if it is of prey.
Its function determines to us, therefore, a robust, own morphology of moloso of prey, but with agility and pushes.
The Canary Islands, given their strategic geographic location in the Atlantic, always have constituted the forced stop, the hospitable refuelling stop of the American route. At the islands they arrived from always, by such circumstance, the several Hispanic races that populated the New Continent, essentially of hunting, sign and prey, which generously Spain had.
Concretely, the race of Spanish prey, the Spanish Prey, in their varieties of heavy Moloso or Dogo and light or Mastiff Moloso, so used in the conquest of America, contributed currents of blood to the dog of existing prey in the Canary Islands.
Throughout century XVIII, the presence of English colonists, is more and more frequent in the Archipelago, normally retailers who reside temporary or permanently in the Canary Islands.
The British character and its sport traditions related to the dog like combatant, to that so they were become fond of, arrive at the Islands. For the combats their typical dogs used normally gladiators, type Bulldog and Bullterrier, who bring from their country, raising inevitably the mestization with the dog of existing prey in the Archipelago.
This English liking to the fight of dogs, is identified totally with the island character, of combative will, aptitude that repeats in the Balearic Archipelago with its Ca de Bou or Majorcan dog of prey or in Japan with the Tosa Inu like dog of national fight.
One considers, therefore, in the population of prey of the Islands, certain morphologic modifications. One not only thinks about a prey dog that develops a correct work like guardian or cowherd, but also that must own good disposition for the fight.
Independent of this situation, we must consider the existence in the Canary Islands of the Bardino or Majorero, native of the island of Fuerteventura and very spread by all the Archipelago. This dog of struggle, dedicated especially to the handling of the cattle joist and excellent guardian, unites to these conditions, a great endurance, sobriety, little bark and an extraordinary teething to the service of a insobornable anger.
The Bardino or Majorero was introduced, by its excellent mejorantes conditions, in the crossings that originated the Presa type that was arising as a result of the English influence. Its genetic current determines in the Canary Prey great part of its typical expression, its characteristic bardina layer of greenish atigrada tonality, for that reason popularly it names him like Verdino, its rustic hair and its good disposition for the fight with the cattle.
Advanced the century it presents/displays the liking to the combats increases. Fight freely and settles down square where the units by their better conditions for the fight meet and select, not by their racial characteristics. This situation determined the selection of the Canary Prey, from a net functional point of view. That is to say, that always formed an ethnic grouping with magnificent conditions that from very old it developed in the Islands, but never it was to establish a phenotype that gave its true identity us.
Once decreed the prohibition of the fights in Spain, the Canary Prey is declining, situation that aggravates the invasion of foreign races in the Islands, until arriving almost at a phase of extinction towards 1960.
It was as of 1970 when its recovery begins. Its resurgence is slow but uninterrupted. The interest of the Canary Prey, as it leaves from the Native Patrimony of the Canary Islands is generalized, although one still does not consider the program of selection and improvement essential to obtain the genetic fixedness that perpetuates the race