Caniche is a race of dogs that until the first quarter of Century XX, were considered of exclusive use for the luxury of the aristocrats and noble. Known by their woolly coat and curling, the varieties giant, medium, dwarfed and miniature or toy exist. Until the Renaissance, this one was a dog water collector, that is to say, were dogs that already reclaimed the hunted prey that had fallen to the water, like ducks and swans
Coming from France, caniches is descending of the Barbet, original of marshes German; and in the Average Age, natatorias like the duck or goose was destined for the hunting of birds, so that it was selected by characteristics such as their adaptability to the muddy land and its resistance to the water, which does that this race, along with others are called: the aquatic dogs.
As of Century XVI, caniches began to be famous by their beauty and intelligence, mainly in diverse circus presentations, works of art of diverse authors like Alberto Durero and Francisco de Goya. In the days of Luis XVI of France already its presence was very common in the French court.
By changes in the taste as far as its appearance, during Century XIX, the protection of the coat not deigned, that until then, had the function to protect it of hypothermia, reason why the stylists began to create diverse cuts like the montano Briton and the Continental one. For caniches new born, the custom began to amputate the tail.
In the franc-Prussian War the diffusion of the race like so began, appointed for the millionaires and aristocrats. Only in Century XX, the Giant variety predominated, reason why later the varieties Standart (of little diffusion from 1792), Miniature (1911) and Toy arose with approval from the canine associations like the Kennel Club (1957). In the final years of century XX the hybrid race arose from the Labrapoodles (combination of Caniche with Farmer).