XOLOITZCUINTLIS

Xoloitzcuintli
COUNTRY: Mexico
HEIGHT: 13-22 1/2 inches
COAT: Hairless
COLOR: Skin can be dark solid charcoal, slate, reddish gray, liver or bronze preferred; pink or coffee colored spots are permissible
OTHER NAMES: Standard Mexican Hairless
REGISTRY: FCI
GROUP: Southern

The Xoloitzcuintle is practically the canine race without original hair of Mexico. One knows by his endemismo in this country and its close relation him with the Aztec culture. Its popularity is not very high commonly because its lack of coat is something startling for the people, but between the criadores of xolos, each unit is very appraised and valuable, arriving the value from xoloitzcuintle with pedigree to oscillate both by thousand dollars, due to its immense historical value, cultural and biological, and its relative shortage in comparison with other races of dog.

Another variety with hair exists (the dogs that is born with hair continue being xoloitzcuintles pure, and when crossing to these one without hair, they would have young that either would not have hair). In a litter puppies can be born from the two varieties. It is grouped to him in three different sizes: standard, intermediate and miniature. The two classifications majors honor like dogs guardians, the interval like company dog.

This dog, natural of Mexico, is a very old race, originating itself, according to some calculations, does more than three thousand years. [2] In Aztec Mythology, thought that xoloitzcuintles accompanied the souls by the deceaseds when they traveled to the Mictlán, the infraworld, reason why they were sacrificed and buried along with the deads which had to guide. There are legend that speaks of which Xolotl gave xoloitzcuintle him like gift to the Man, being it made of a chip of the Bone of the Life, the bone del that all life was created. Due to this he was considered sacred by the Aztecs, pronouncing itself this adoration in many sculptural and pictográficas representations. Also he was used like sacred food in the ceremonial rites of the human deaths.

Some pre-Columbian cultures adopted this dog, others preferred to consume their meat like subject of gossip. After the European colonization, it was closely together to disappear, being rescued of the extinction by the appreciation towards this dog of the members of the FCM, which initiated a program of registry and reproduction the 1 of May of 1956. Although it was exhibited in the competitions of canine beauty, the United States from 1883, and accepted in the respected bunds more, it did not obtain great popular acceptance. In the middle of century XX its popularity in Mexico had to appear again, arriving to be admitted in many Mexican canine bunds. In the present it is recognized by many of the most distinguished bunds in other countries and international bunds, like the ICF, although in some countries, like in the United States, it does not have as much acceptance.